Dr. Roger D Duke
Before Time Was—Jesus Was the Word! Before Him There WAS NO THING! ALL WAS CREATED by HIM!
A Biblical Exposition of John 1: 1 from the New Testament. These are in Public Domain and are taken from the writings of Rev. Dr. John Gill.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the word
That this is said not of the written word, but of the essential word of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, is clear, from all that is said from hence, to John 1:14 as that this word was in the beginning, was with God, and is God. [F]rom the creation of all things being ascribed to him, and his being said to be the life and light of men; from his coming into the world, and usage in it; from his bestowing the privilege of adoption on believers; and from his incarnation; and also there is a particular application of all this to Christ, John 1:15. And likewise from what this evangelist elsewhere says of him, when he calls him the word of life, and places him between the Father and the Holy Ghost; and speaks of the record of the word of God, and the testimony of Jesus, as the same thing; and represents him as a warrior and conqueror, 1 John 1:1 . Moreover this appears to be spoken of Christ, from what other inspired writers have said of him, under the same character; as the Evangelist Luke, Luke 1:2 , the Apostle Paul, Acts 20:32 and the Apostle [Peter in], 2 Peter 3:5. And who is called the word, not as man; for as man he was not in the beginning with God, but became so in the fulness [sic] of time; nor is the man God; besides, as such, he is a creature, and not the Creator, nor is he the life and light of men. . . .
[H]e was the word, before he was man, and therefore not as such: nor can any part of the human nature be so called; not the flesh, for the word was made flesh; nor his human soul, for self-subsistence, deity, eternity, and the creation of all things, can never be ascribed to that; but he is the word as the Son of God, as is evident from what is here attributed to him, and from the word being said to be so, as in John 1:14 and from those places, where the word is explained by the Son, compare 1 John 5:5 . And is so called from his nature, being begotten of the Father; for as the word, whether silent or expressed, is the birth of the mind, the image of it, equal to it, and distinct from it; so Christ is the only begotten of the Father, the express image of his person, in all things equal to him, and a distinct person from him: and he may be so called, from some action, or actions, said of him, or ascribed to him; as that he spoke for, and on the behalf of the elect of God, in the eternal council and covenant of grace and peace; and spoke all things out of nothing, in creation; for with regard to those words so often mentioned in the history of the creation, and God said, may Jehovah the Son be called the word; also he was spoken of as the promised Messiah, throughout the whole Old Testament dispensation; and is the interpreter of his Father's mind, as he was in Eden's garden, as well as in the days of his flesh; and now speaks in heaven for the saints. . . .
 John Gill, “John 1:1,” John Gill’s Exposition of the Old & New Testament, Vol. VII (London: Mathews & Leigh, 1809; reprint, Paris, AR.: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1989), 737-738 (page citations are to the reprint edition).
Furnished, edited, and adapted by Dr. Roger D Duke of the Inverted Christian located at https://www.invertedchristian.com/post/rock-of-ages-cleft-for-me-the-story-behind-the-hymn
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